Person Centred Planning
What is Person Centred Planning?
The key things about person centred planning are:
- It considers the whole young person and not simply what they can’t do or their diagnosis.
- Young people and their parents/carers are partners in the planning.
- Reviews and planning sessions are active events that include highlighting the things that everyone likes and admires about the child/young person.
- It is more than just saying nice things about the child/young person – it leads to identifying the issues that need to be acted on.
- It needs everyone relevant to be involved in identifying the support needs of the young person to be involved in the planning - parents/carers and, if relevant, people from different agencies (health services, schools, education service, social care, voluntary organisations) – a multi-agency approach.
- Actions are allocated to individuals who have been involved in the planning. These individuals take responsibility for ensuring the work is progressed – even if they themselves will not directly be doing the work.
One-page profiles are the starting point for person centred planning. They are created by the young person or parents/carers and give a positive snaphot of the young person’s life. They can be used at any age and stage and should include:
- What people like and admire about the young person
- What is important to the young person
- How best to support the young person
“One-page profiles can provide a focus for anyone who supports children and young people. They provide a snap-shot of what quality of life means.” Helen Sanderson Associates
An example one-page profile can be downloaded here.
How does Person Centred Planning work?
6 key questions
Take a child called Sam for example. To get a full picture of Sam’s life, his family, his dreams and aspirations, Sam and his family create a one-page profile - with help if needed. Everyone else involved in the planning can use this one-page profile to get a more rounded picture of Sam’s life.
The next step is for everyone parents/carers, professionals, plus the young person whenever possible, to provide their perspective and knowledge by responding to the following questions.
- What is important to Sam? (The things that make Sam happy, contented, fulfilled.)
- What is important for Sam? (The things that Sam needs to keep healthy, safe, feel valued and develop.)
- What is working in Sam’s life?
- What is not working in Sam’s life?
- What are Sam’s strengths?
- What are the challenges in Sam’s life?
Creating an Action Plan
The information gathered through the responses to these six questions and the one-page profile are used to decide what needs to done and who is going to do it. The decisions are made in a meeting that actively includes parents/carers and the young person.
The action plan covers a period of up to 6 months. After this it will be reviewed and a revised action plan agreed. The length of time between reviews will depend on the needs of the child/young person. Parents/carers, the young person and all involved in putting an action plan together will also be part of the review process.
Action plans could include any type of support/activity that the young person needs to develop:
Last Modified: 05/12/2018
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- A programme of therapy eg. Physiotherapy.
- Educational targets eg. making progress in reading or writing
- Programme of activities to prepare for transition out of school and into adult life
- Provision of transport to and from school